Oddar Meanchey REDD+ VCS PD
The Oddar Meanchey REDD project will generate an estimated 6,143,767 VCUs over 30 years. The project area is located in the northwest Cambodian province of Oddar Meanchey. Oddar Meanchey provides an ideal site for developing a REDD project. In the 1970s during the height of the Khmer Rouge, Oddar Meanchey was one of the most remote and heavily forested regions of Cambodia. In recent years, the province’s forests have been under constant and intense pressure from commercial and illegal logging, forest fires, economic land concessions, and encroachment. These issues, coupled with rapid economic growth, population expansion, migration, and land speculation have accelerated deforestation throughout the province. Between 2002 and 2006, Oddar Meanchey lost 2% of its forests annually as migrant farmers and concessionaires cleared land by felling and burning tree cover. In response, local communities have organized forest protection groups and established some of the largest Community Forestry (CF) areas in the country to conserve remaining forest lands that are important sources of water, subsistence goods and market products. These grass roots initiatives have created opportunities for the formulation of a long term forest protection initiative financed through the sale of carbon offset credits.
A partnership involving local villages, the national Forestry Administration (FA), Pact, Terra Global Capital (TGC), and Community Forestry International (CFI) has brought together key stakeholders and skills to prepare this Project Document (PD) which outlines a series of actions designed to mitigate the key drivers of deforestation. These drivers include agricultural expansion, settlement expansion, forest fire, illegal logging, timber harvesting, and fuelwood collection. Project actions will include supporting Community Forestry patrols and fire control, community-based water resource development projects, strengthening and clarifying land-tenure, sustainable farming systems, agricultural intensification, fuel efficient stoves, and livelihood activities. Local Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), including the provincial monk’s network and the Children’s Development Association (NGOs), will work with the Forestry Administration field offices and the national and provincial governments to build social support for the project. The project will also leverage legally-recognized Community Forestry Agreements from the Royal Government of Cambodia, and will give the 58 participating villages clear rights to the forest blocks totaling 63, 831 hectares under 15-year renewable agreements.
The project has received the support of the National Council of Ministers and will be guided by the Technical Working Group on Forestry and Environment (TWG F&E). The TWG F & E brings together senior government policy makers, donors and international organizations committed to guiding development assistance to Cambodia’s forestry sector. The project will provide a proof of concept regarding the viability of financing community forestry management systems for a projected 2 million hectares of state forest lands.